Genetics OUTLINE

Biology 120: Genetics

Topical Outline

References to Hyde, Introduction to Genetic Principles

A.
Introduction (Chapter 1)

B.
Cells, Cell Division and Chromosomes (Chapters 3, plus Section 8.8)
1.
Chromosomes and Mitosis
2.
Ploidy and Meiosis
3.
Chromosome Anomalies

C.
Basics of Mendelian Genetics (Chpater 2)
1.
Mendel's New Approach
2.
Mendel's Principles
a.
Particles in Pairs
b.
Dominance
c.
Segregation
d.
Independence
3.
Monohybrid, Dihybrid, Trihybrid, Test and Back Crosses (words, words, words!)
4.
Statistics and Genetics (Caution! Math Ahead!)
a.
Statistics as the tool for predicting and evaluating results
b.
Chi Square Analysis of significance of data
5.
Pedigrees (brief)

D.
Beyond Mendel (Chapter 4, 5, scan chapter 19)
1.
Incomplete and Co-dominance; Pseudodominance
2.
Multiple Alleles, Polygenes and Pliotropy
3.
Epistasis
4.
Sex (Oh boy!)
a.
Gender and Chromosomes
b.
Sex Linkage
c.
Sex Influenced and Sex Limited Traits

E.
Linkage and Linkage Mapping (Oh no! More math!) (Chapter 6)
1.
Linkage and Crossing Over
2.
Calculating Linkage Map Distances
3.
Two-point Crosses
4.
Three-point Crosses

F.
Molecular Genetics
1.
DNA as the Hereditary Material
2.
DNA and RNA Structure (Chapter 7)
3.
DNA Replication (Chapter 9)
4.
Protein Synthesis (Chpater 10, 11)
5.
Control of Gene Activity (Chapter 16, 17; first scan Chapter 15)
3.
Mutation (Chapter 20, parts of Chapter 8)

G.
Recombinant DNA and Contemporary Issues (Chpater 12, 13, scan Chapter 21, 22)
1.
Locating and Isolating Genes
2.
Restriction Endonucleases
3.
Plasmids and Viral Vectors
4.
Gene Surgery

H.
Population Genetics: (Oh, no! Math again!) (Chapter 23, scan Chapter 25)
1.
Allelic, Genotypic and Phenotypic Frequencies
2.
Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium and H-W Populations
3.
Non-random Mating
a.
Mate Selection
b.
Natural Selection
c.
Mutation
d.
Migration
e.
Genetic Drift


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