BIOLOGY 101 OUTLINE

Biology 101

Topical Outline

(Chapter References: Campbell and Reece 6th ed.)


I.
Introduction to Biology [Chapter 1]
A.
What is Life?
B.
What is Science?
C.
Diversity and Evolution

II.
Inorganic Chemistry [Chapter 2,3]
A.
Elements and Atoms; Compounds and Molecules
B.
The Periodic Table
C.
Chemical Bonds
D.
Polarity, Hydrogen Bonding and the Nature of Water

III.
Biological Chemistry [Chapter 4,5]
A.
What Makes Carbon Special?
B.
Functional Groups; Hydrocarbons, Hydrophilicity and Hydrophobicity
C.
Important Classes of Biological Molecules
1.
Carbohydrates
2.
Lipids
3.
Proteins; Enzymes
4.
Nucleic Acids

IV.
Cell Structure and Function [Chapters 7, 8]
A.
Prokaryotic Cells
B.
Eukaryotic Cells
1.
Membrane Systems
2.
Nucleus
3.
Cytoplasm and Cytoplasmic Organelles

V.
Biological Energy [Chapters 9,10]
A.
ATP, Potential and Kinetic Energy
B.
Cellular Respiration
1.
Glycolysis and Fermentation
2.
Krebs Cycle
3.
Electron Transport and Chemiosmosis
C.
Photosynthesis
1.
Light, Color and Chlorophyll
2.
Light Reaction
3.
Calvin Cycle
4.
The Relationship Between Photosynthesis and Respiration

VI.
Reproduction and Cell Division [Chapters 12, 13]
A.
Reproductive Cycles
B.
Karyokinesis and Cytokinesis
C.
Mitotic and Meiotic Cell Division
D.
Differentiation and Development
E.
The Cell Cycle

VII.
Classical (Mendelian) Genetics [Chapter 14, 15]
A.
Genes and Alleles; Genotypes and Phenotypes
B.
Prediction and Analysis; Genetics Problems
C.
Gene Pools and Population Distributions; Hardy-Weinberg

VIII.
Molecular Genetics [Chapters 16, 17; FYI 18, 19, 20, 21]
A.
DNA and RNA Structure; Complementary Base Pairing
B.
DNA Replication: Autocatalytic Function
C.
Protein Synthesis: Heterocatalytic Function
1.
Transcription: mRNA and Structural Genes
2.
Translation: tRNA; Codons and Anticodons/ The Genetic Code


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