Insects in Winter (DuPage County, IL)
- Freeze avoidance: produce glycerol, ethylene glycol, sugars,
and antifreeze proteins to supercool; avoid contact with ice.
- Freeze tolerance: ice-nucleating proteins promote extracellular freezing.
- Diapause as egg:
- Diapause as larva:
- Diapause as pupa:
- Diapause as adult:
- Burrow beneath freeze line:
- Stay in water as larvae:
- Die and repopulate: