Some Concepts and Recaps Useful for the Third Exam

 

 

 

Example of Analysis Provided in Class

 

Ifaluk "ghost-beating" ritual:

 

Conscious need

  (health)

Manifest Functions:

-Defeat of Ghosts [?] (intended, recognized personal function)

-Emotional Security (intended, recognized personal function)

-Solidarity (unintended, recognized social function)

 

Performance of "ghost-beating" ritual

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Unconscious need

  (in-group aggression)

 

 

Latent Functions:

-Reduction of Hostility (intended, unrecognized personal function)

-Deflection of aggression from Society (unintended, unrecognized social function)

-Unconscious Solidarity (intended and unrecognized social function)

 

 

The Patrilineal-Patrilocal Complex

 

Increased Population Density >

    Pressure on Resources (Scarcity) > Prisoner's Dilemma Decision-Making "Algorithm" >

        Warfare as a Means of Protecting and Acquiring Scarce Resources >

            Patrilineal Descent as a Means of Unambiguously Affiliating Males Together &

            Patrilocality as a Means of Keeping These Males Together >

                Male Supremacy/Dominance as Critical to Survival in Hostile Social Environment &

                Sharp Public/Private Dichotomy Since Women are Often Outsiders and Potential Enemies

 

 

Overview of Jared Diamond's Argument

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Patrilineal-Patrilocal Complex

 

Increased Population Density >

    Pressure on Resources (Scarcity) > Prisoner's Dilemma Decision-Making "Algorithm" >

        Warfare as a Means of Protecting and Acquiring Scarce Resources >

            Patrilineal Descent as a Means of Unambiguously Affiliating Males &

            Patrilocality as a Means of Keeping These Males Together >

                Male Supremacy/Dominance as Critical to Survival in Hostile Social Environment &

                Sharp Public/Private Dichotomy Since Women are Often Outsiders and Potential Enemies

 

 

 

 

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