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Citing Electronic Sources

Journal Articles from an Online Database | Magazine Articles from an Online Database |
Newspaper Articles from an Online Database | Web sites |
Personal Web sites | Government Publications | eHRAF Book Excerpts |

Note: Page number references to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (5th edition, 2001) are given for each APA example, when available. Likewise, chapter and section number references to the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers (6th ed., 2003) are given for the MLA examples.


Journal Articles from an Online Database

APA

p. 279

Author(s) of article. (lastname, first initial and any middle initial). (Date
of publication). Title of article. Title of Journal, Volume #, Page number(s). Full-text or Abstract. Retrieved date accessed online, from Name of Database.

MLA

Chapters 5.7.1 and 5.9.7

Author(s) or article. (last name, first name). "Title of Article." Title of
Journal. Volume #. (Year of publication): Page number(s). Name of Database. Name of database vendor. Name and city of the library database was accessed. Date of access.


Magazine Articles from an Online Database

APA

p. 241, 279

Author(s) of article (lastname, first initial). (Date of publication). Title
of article. Title of magazine Volume #, Page Number(s). Retrieved date accessed online, from Name of Database.

MLA

Chapters 5.7.6 and 5.9.7

Author(s) of article (last name, first name). "Title of Article in Quotes."
Title of Magazine. Date of publication: page number(s). Name of Database. Name of database vendor. Name and city of the library database was accessed. Date of access.


Newspaper Articles from an Online Database

APA

p. 279

Author(s) of article. (Date of publication). Title of article. Title of
newspaper. Retrieved date accessed online, from Name of Database.

MLA

Chapters 5.7.5 and 5.9.7

Author(s) of article. "Title of article." Title of newspaper. Date of
publication. Name of Database. Name and city of the library database was accessed. Date of access.


Web Sites

APA

p. 273+

Author(s) or Editor(s) of site. (Date of publication or last revision).
Title of Web page or site. Date you accessed online. <URL of Web site>.

MLA

Chapter 5.9.1

Title of web page or site. Date of publication or last revision.
Name of institution or organization sponsoring the site. Date of access. <URL of web page or site>.



Government Publications Online

APA
Author of site. (Date of publication or last revision). Title
of web page and/or web site. Date you accessed online. <URL of Web site>.
MLA

Chapters 5.6.21 and 5.9.3c
Author of site. Title of web page or web site. Date of
publication or last revision. Date of access. <URL of web page and/or web site>.


eHRAF Book Excerpts

APA
Author(s) of book. (Year of Publication). Title of book. City of
publication: Publisher. As seen in the eHRAF Collection of Ethnography on the Web, Date retrieved online.
MLA
Author(s) of book. Title of book. City of publication: Publisher, Year of
publication. As seen in the eHRAF Collection of Ethnography on the Web, Date retrieved online.

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